Papaya is native to Central America and was the first genetically modified fruit to be grown in commercial production. The genetically modified varieties, known as Rainbow and SunUp or Sunrise, were developed in Hawaii to resist the papaya ringspot virus. In 2014, Hawaiian farmers harvested more than 23 million pounds of papaya and nearly all of that was sold as fresh fruit1.

Herbicide Tolerant Insect resistant Disease resistant

United States (77% of Hawaiian production in 2015)2,3

  1. “2014 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW.” USDA/NASS 2014 State Agriculture Overview for Hawaii. United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2015. Web. 
  2. Callis, Tom. “Papaya: A GMO Success Story.” Hawaii Tribune-Herald. Hawaii Tribune-Herald, 10 June 2013. Web.
  3. James, Clive. 2014. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2014. ISAAA Brief  No. 49. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY. 72. Print.